The bonsai style is an organized model of a tree from the trunk, leaves, to the roots that are made in such away. Basically, the style of the bonsai itself is not fixed on the traditional model, but can also be determined by the wishes of the maker (apart from general rules).
In the country of origin of bonsai, Japan, there are certain techniques in terms of making a traditional bonsai style, but people outside Japan are reluctant to follow the rules of the bonsai style that have existed for hundreds of years. So there are various modern styles that we can see today.
However, if you want to use a classic Japanese bonsai style, some of the following are examples:
This formal style is often seen in ancient Japanese paintings and in films from the land of the cherry blossom country. The shape of the hokidachi bonsai has a large main trunk with branches that spread in various directions with a low pyramid shape that is getting tapered upwards.
2. Sharimiki (Mystical Style)
Sharimiki is arguably the best and most unique bonsai style in the world. This style is very popular with bonsai enthusiasts because it has a special characteristic, namely the bark of the tree trunk or branches is peeled off and carved in such a way to make it look old and attractive.
3. Bankan (Coarse Trunk Style)
The bankan style is one of the many traditional Japanese bonsai styles. This style is not easy to create as it takes decades to make the trunk look naturally old and rough. Some of the heirs to bonsai in Japan even have this Bankan style bonsai with hundreds of years old trees.
4. Chokkan (Upright Style)
The Chokkan or Upright style bonsai has the characteristic of the main trunk of an upright tree with a balanced size, that is, the higher it is up, the smaller it becomes like a cone or looks like pencil spruce.
5. Shakan (Slanting Style)
The Shankan style is most memorable because the main trunk of the tree is angled about 45 degrees.
6. Moyogi (Squiggly Style)
Moyogi is a very common bonsai style. This style is characterized by the winding tree’s main trunk.
7. Soup (Double Truk Style)
Bonsai that use the Soup style is also often referred to as ‘Double Trunk’, or bonsai which have two core stems of the same height and are similar to one another, from size, shape, branches, twigs, to leaves.
8. Kabudachi (Multiple Truk Style)
Kabudachi is a bonsai style where many stems at one root make it look like a shrub.
9. Yose Ue (Forest Style)
If you look at the bonsai style this one is similar to Kabudachi, but what distinguishes it is Kabudachi is a tree with many trunks, while Yose Ue actually consists of many trees.
10. Ikadabuki (Falling Trunk Style)
Still a style similar to Kabudachi, which both have many trunks from one tree. The difference is Ikadabuchi is a bonsai style depicting a large tree that falls to the ground and grows back, creating a landscape like in the wild.
11. Bunjinki (Literary Style)
There are many mentions for this Bunjinki style, but it is popularly known as ‘Literary’. You can see the main trunk of the tree which is slender and sticks up high and then bends at the end and usually has few leaves.
12. Fukinagashi (Windswept Style)
The ancient people probably created this unique bonsai style because it was inspired by a tree blowing in the wind that made its branches and leaves facing in one direction.
13. Han-Kengai (Semi-Hanging Style)
Han-Kengai is a bonsai style that has a characteristic stem dangling downwards but not beyond the bottom of the pot.
14. Kengai (Hanging Style)
In contrast to the Han-Kengai style, the Kengai style hangs further down to the bottom of the pot.
15. Ishisuki (Style of Growing on Rock)
Few tree species can live for long periods between narrow rocks with minimal soil. Bonsai with this style requires special care, especially in watering and applying fertilizer to keep it in healthy condition.
16. Seki-Joju (Rock Grasping Root Style)
Seki-Joju is simpler than Ishisuki because the Seki-Joju style utilizes rocks for tree roots before touching the ground. Many Seki-Joju-style bonsai are made from multi-rooted and sturdy tree species such as trees from the genus Ficus.
17. Neagari (Exposed Root Style)
Neagari is a force showing roots above the soil surface.
18. Nebari (Old Tree Root Style)
Nebari is a root style inspired by old trees in the wild. The roots of a nebari-style bonsai are often formed as they spread out above the ground.
That is a series of bonsai styles that exist in the world today and are still being maintained.