List of Wild Tree Names That Can Be Used as Bonsai and Examples

List of Wild Tree Names That Can Be Used as Bonsai and Examples
For most laypeople, it might be confused to choose what trees are suitable to be trained as bonsai. But, here we will provide a large selection of wild trees that can be formed into bonsai.

Before continuing to discuss these trees, it’s a good idea to prepare yourself to find the most accurate information about methods for planting and caring for the tree. Why? Because the trees that you will move from the wild into the pot require special treatment, for example, the pH content of the soil and the temperature following the original habitat.

Okay, I assume you understand what I mean here. The point is you need in-depth information about the tree that you will maintain. If you are confused, I suggest joining a social media group or discussion forum that focuses on discussing bonsai in your area. That will help you find out the information needed during learning.

The following is a list of tree names that are available in the wild and can be trained or shaped into beautiful and exotic bonsai.




1. Juniper (Juniperus)

Juniper Bonsai
Shimpaku (Juniperus chinensis var. sargentii) | Source :

Juniper is a conifer that has 50-70 species spread all over the world. Juniper trees have strong and long-lived characteristics, which is why this tree was chosen and used as a bonsai subject since ancient times.


2. Pine (Pinus)

Pine Bonsai
Japanese White Pine (Pinus parviflora) | Source:

Pine is a genus of coniferous trees like Juniper. Pine has 35 species that mostly grow in the Northern Hemisphere. Not much different from Juniper, Pine trees can also survive in a variety of less supportive conditions (ranging from heat-drought to freezing-cold), and age can reach thousands of years (depending on the species).


3. Maple (Acer)

Maple Bonsai
Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum ‘Shishigashira’) | Source :

Maple is a genus of plants that grow in many subtropical Asian regions such as Japan, China, and Korea. Generally, maple trees are shrubs or small trees with a height of 5-10 meters. This tree often attracts the attention of bonsai fans because of its strikingly colored leaves in the fall and its attractive shape like marijuana.


4. Beech (Fagus)

Beech Bonsai
Japanese Beech (Fagus crenata) | Source :

Beech is a deciduous tree genus belonging to the Fagaceae family. This is a plant native to Europe, Asia and North America.


5. Elm (Ulmus)

Elm Bonsai
Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia) | Source :

Elm is a hard woody tree that belongs to the genus Ulmus. This deciduous tree usually has a jag at the edge of its leaves. All members of the genus Ulmus are plants native to Central Asia, which then spread in the Northern Hemisphere, especially in temperate regions. Most Ulmus species grow in subtropical climates, with only a few species growing in the tropics.


6. Buddhist Pine (Podocarpus)

Buddhist Pine Bonsai
Source :

Buddhist Pine is an evergreen tree-shaped plant originating from tropical southeast Asia to the Himalayas, Japan, China. This genus belongs to the Podacarpaceae tribe which consists of about 100 species.


7. Japanese Cherry (Prunus serrulata)

Japanese Cherry Bonsai
Source : Espada

Japanese cherry is a tree species originating from Japan, Korea, China, and India. Most Japanese cherry trees grow in subtropical to moderate regions, and rarely can flourish in tropical climates. The tree produces beautiful flowers and many are planted to complement the landscape or the edge of the highway.


8. Japanese Apricot (Prunus mume)

Apricot Bonsai
Japanese Apricot (Prunus mume ‘Omoinomama’) | Source :

Japanese Apricot or Chinese Plum is a plant species of the genus Prunus such as Japanese Cherry. It is a native plant of China which is now often planted to enjoy the beauty of the flowers or to take the fruit. Japanese apricot trees bloom in late winter and early spring. The flowers are often used as objects of literature and painting by East Asian and Vietnamese artists.


9. Wisteria (Wisteria)

Wisteria Bonsai
Source :

Wisteria is a genus of climbing and flowering plants in the Fabaceae family, which includes 10 species. It is a native flora of China, Korea, Japan, and East America. Some species have been chosen as popular ornamental plants.


10. Fir (Abies)

Fir Bonsai
Subalpine (Abies lasiocarpa) | Source :

Fir is a coniferous plant of the genus Abies consisting of 45-55 species. This tree is commonly found in the mountains of North America, Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa. The Fir tree is still close to the genus Cedrus or the Aras.


11. Olive (Olea)

Olive Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Olea is a genus of plants consisting of about 40 species in the Oleaceae family. This tree is known by the name Olives, originally from warm climates and tropical regions in the Middle East, southern Europe, Africa, southern Asia, and Australasia.


12. Orange Jessamine (Murraya paniculata)

Orange Jessamine Bonsai
Murraya paniculata 220 years at Montreal Botanical Garden | Source :

Orange jessamine is a flowering plant that grows in the tropics. This tree can reach 5-7 meters high and flower throughout the year without season. The flowers are very fragrant and appear together to make it a suitable tree to plant in your yard or garden.


13. Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

Pomegranate Bonsai
Source :

Pomegranate comes from the Middle East and is currently cultivated in subtropical and tropical areas far from their natural habitat. Pomegranate trees like loose soil, not submerged in water, and sun that shines all day long. This tree is often cultivated as an ornamental and fruit-producing plant.


14. Sea Hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus)

Sea Hibiscus Bonsai
BCI Convention 14th at Taiwan 2017 | Source :

Sea hibiscus is a plant that is still in the same family as hibiscus. Sea hibiscus trees are planted as shrubs on the edges of the highway because of their shallow roots and do not damage the surrounding buildings.


15. Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides)

Gardenia Bonsai
Owned by Li Man-Nan (Gardenia jasminoides) A 2015 Special Award Winner | Source :

Gardenia are flowering ornamental plants of the Rubiaceae tribe. The flowers are white and very fragrant. Physically, gardenias have a flower shape similar to jasmine (Jasminum), but they are not siblings.


16. Hackberry (Celtis)

Hackberry Bonsai
Owned by Chang Jing-Siao (Celtis nervosa) Special Award Hwa Fong 2013 |

Hackberry is a plant that is widespread in warm climates in the northern hemisphere, southern Europe, southern Asia, eastern Asia, north America, central Africa, northern and central South America. The genus Celtis first appeared in the fossil record, at least since the Miocene era in Europe, and the Paleocene era in North America and East Asia.


17. Camellia (Camellia)

Camellia Bonsai
Source :

Camellia is a genus of flowering plants in the family of Theaceae. This plant was first discovered in east and south Asia, from the eastern Himalayas to Japan and Indonesia. There are now about 100-300 camellia species described and 3,000 hybrids recorded.


18. Ujung Atap (Baeckea frutescens)

Baeckea Bonsai
Source :

Ujung atap is a traditional medicinal plant in Indonesia. Processed wood is often used to make liniment, powder, and herbal medicine. In addition to its benefits to overcome various diseases, this tree is also often used as a bonsai subject in Asia and Australia.


19. Brazilian Grapetree (Plinia cauliflora)

Brazilian Grapetree Bonsai
Source :

Brazilian grapes or Jaboticaba are edible fruit-producing tree species. He is from the states of Minas Gerais, Goiás, and São Paulo in Brazil. This species is related to Myrciaria and is often referred to by the same name.


20. Limeberry (Triphasia trifolia)

Limeberry Bonsai
Source :

Limeberry is a fruiting plant species originating from Indonesia and Malaysia but has now been distributed to almost all the islands in the Pacific Ocean. The shape of the tree in the wild in the form of shrubs or small trees with a maximum height of 3 meters.


21. Larch (Larix)

Larch Bonsai
Source :

Larch or European Larch is a coniferous tree species originating from the mountains of central Europe, including the Alps, the Carpathian Mountains, and the Pyrenees Mountains. Its population in the wild occupies the lowlands of northern Poland and southern Lithuania.


22. Lilac (Syringa)

Lilac Bonsai
Source : Botanic Garden

Syringa is a genus of plants consisting of 12 species of flowering woody trees that are still in the olive family. This tree originates from secondary forests in southeastern Europe to east Asia and is widely cultivated in temperate regions outside its original habitat.


23. Cherry Barbados (Malpighia)

Cherry Barbados Bonsai
Source :

Barbados Cherry is a species of fruiting trees that has a habitat in the tropics. The tree grows in the form of shrubs or small trees. It belongs to the Malpighiaceae family, and some members of Malpighiaceae have poisons that are dangerous if consumed by humans.


24. Japanese Boxthorn (Serissa japonica)

Japanese Boxthorn Bonsai
Source : National Bonsai & Penjing Museum

Serissa is a genus of flowering plants native to Asia, precisely from India, China, and Japan. The tree is often called Snowrose or Japanese boxthorn. Wild growth forms a bush with a height of 40-60 cm. The trunk is branching up in all directions and dense with a dark green color.


25. Firethorn (Pyracantha)

Firethorn Bonsai
Source :

Pyracantha is a genus of fruiting shrub originating from southwest Europe to southeast Asia. The shape of the tree in the wild is similar to Cotoneaster, but it has serrations on the edges of leaves and thorns on the trunk or branches.


26. Wood Apple (Limonia acidissima)

Wood Apple Bonsai
Owned by Eko Supriyanto (Limonia acidissima)

Wood apple is a tree that is closely related to the Bengal quince tree (Aegle marmelos). This tree is tolerant of poor soil conditions, plant diseases, and hot temperatures.


27. Chinese Perfume (Aglaia odorata)

Chinese Perfume Bonsai
Chua Thien Mu near Hue, Vietnam | Source :

Chinese perfume is a herbaceous plant of the Meliaceae family. The tree is often likened to Orange Jessamine (Murraya paniculata), although the flowers are different. This plant is thought to be native to Southeast Asia.


28. Babylon Willow (Salix babylonica)

Babylon Willow Bonsai
Source :

Babylon willow is a species of leafy tree dangling native to arid regions in northern China but has been cultivated for thousands of years elsewhere in Asia. In ancient times this tree was often traded along the Silk Road to southwest Asia and Europe.


29. Yew (Taxus)

Yew Bonsai
Source :

Taxus is a genus of coniferous trees where all species grow to form large shrubs. Taxus species are relatively slow-growing and can live long (an average of more than 1,000 years). The maximum height of this tree in the wild reaches 17-20 meters, with a trunk diameter of 4-5 meters.

WARNING: Almost all trees of the genus Taxus contain dangerous poisons, and to date, there is no cure for this deadly poison.


30. Arborvitaes (Thuja occidentalis)

Thuja Bonsai
Created and donated by Mr. John Naka to Jardins Botanical Gardens | Source :

Thuja is the name of a genus of coniferous trees that has five species in it, two of which are native to North America and the other three are native to East Asia.


31. Cypress (Chamaecyparis)

Cypress Bonsai
Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) | Source :

Chamaecyparis is a genus of conifers in the Cupressaceae family. Estimated origin from eastern Asia and the eastern United States.


32. Tsugi (Cryptomeria)

Tsugi Bonsai
Tsugi / Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) | Source :

Cryptomeria is a genus of monotypic coniferous trees in the Cupressaceae family. This genus includes only one species, namely Cryptomeria japonica. Formerly people thought this was a Japanese endemic tree known as Sugi / Tsugi.


33. Toringo Crabapple (Malus sieboldii)

Toringo Crabapple Bonsai
Donated by Shyuichi Ueda to National Bonsai & Penjing Museum | Source :

Japanese wild apple or popularly called Toringo Crabapple is a species of deciduous tree from the Rosaceae family. The tree comes from temperate regions in Japan, China, and Korea. Some botanists have classified Malus sieboldii as Malus toringo.


34. Christmas Plums (Carissa macrocarpa)

Christmas Plum Bonsai
Source :

Christmas Plums are trees that grow in the form of thorny shrubs native to South Africa. Generally, it is known as Christmas Plums at International, in South Africa called Num-Num, in Uganda called Amathungulu or umThungulu oBomvu, and in Africa, this fruit is called Noem-Noem.


35. Black Olive (Bucida spinosa)

Black Olive Bonsai
Source :

Black Olive a small tree, rare, exotic, and valuable as an unusual bonsai or ornamental plant subject. The black olive tree is tolerant of salt, making it a good choice for bonsai lovers by the sea.


36. Black Maba (Maba buxifolia)

Black Maba Bonsai
Source : of Bonsai

Black Maba also is known as Black Ebony is a tree in the Ebony family. The tree is distributed in Burma, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, the Malay Peninsula, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Laos. This is one of the valuable high-quality timber producing trees in Southeast Asia.


37. Powder Puff (Calliandra)

Powder Puff Bonsai
Powder Puff (Calliandra schultzei) Source :

Calliandra is a species of shrub that has an attractive appearance, with smooth, dense leaves and beautiful red flowers. It is a native flora of the tropics in southeast Brazil, Uruguay, and northern Argentina. At this time Calliandra has been cultivated all over the world as an ornamental plant in gardens.


38. Dwarf Ixora (Ixora taiwanensis)

Ixora Bonsai
Source :

Dwarf Ixora is the most common shrub planted in southeast Asia. The flowers are bright red with small, dense foliage, making it a beautiful accent plant. Dwarf Ixora plant is liked by many people because every time it blooms, it brings it up with a group and always flowering (without season).


39. Snow in Summer (Melaleuca linariifolia)

Snow in Summer Bonsai
Claret Tops (Melaleuca linariifolia) | Source :

Snow-in-summer is a plant in the Myrtaceae family, endemic in New South Wales and Queensland, Australia.


40. Bodhi (Ficus religiosa)

Bodhi Bonsai
Heathcote Botanical Gardens | Source :

Bodhi or Bo Tree is a tree species originating from the Indian sub-continent, southwest China, and Indochina. This species belongs to Moraceae, the family of Ara and Mulberry, known by many names such as Bodhi, Bo, Pippala, Peepal, Ashwattha, Sacred Ara, and many more.

It is one of the tree species respected by Buddhists.


41. Ampelas (Ficus ampelos)

Ampelas Bonsai
Owned by I.W. Suwendra, Bali | Source :

Ampelas is a plant species of the Moraceae family whose height can reach 20-25 meters with a trunk diameter of 50-60 cm. The tree grows wild throughout Southeast Asia, especially in Indonesia.


42. Pemphis (Pemphis acidula)

Pemphis Bonsai
Bantigue (Pemphis acidula) Owned by Susan Lee at Philippines | Source :

Pemphis or Bantigue are trees that grow in the form of shrubs on the seashore. Pemphis trees are commonly found on the coasts of tropical regions of Java Insland, Indonesia. This tree grows on sandy soil, calcareous, and not infrequently on the sidelines of coral.


43. Fukien Tea (Carmona retusa)

Fukien Tea Bonsai
Display at Hwa Fong Show | Source : Google Images

Fukien Tea or Philippine Tea is a wild plant that grows in the east and southeast Asia, starting from India, China, Taiwan, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Australia. The tree grows on open, drylands that are highlighted by the sun throughout the day.


44. Water Jasmine (Wrightia religiosa)

Water Jasmine Bonsai
Source :

Water jasmine is a flowering plant that is often used as a subject for bonsai and garden plants. Water jasmine trees grow in the tropics, from Indonesia to China and in several other places such as Vietnam.


45. Persimmon (Diospyros)

Persimmon Bonsai
Source :

Persimmon is a fruit tree from the Diospyros family. In English, this tree is called Oriental Japanese Persimmon or Oriental Chinese Persimmon. This is one of the most valued fruit-producing trees in China.


46. Boxwood (Buxus)

Boxwood Bonsai
Japanese Boxwood (Buxus microphylla) | Source :

Buxus is a plant genus that has about 70 species in the Buxaceae family. It is a plant native to Europe, then spread to various regions such as Asia, Africa, Madagascar, South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean.


47. Premna (Premna)

Premna Bonsai
Display at Hwa Fong Show | Source :

Premna is a genus of flowering plants that was first described in 1771. Premna is widespread from Africa, Asia, to Australia. This is one of the genera of trees that are most often used as a small bonsai subject called “Mame”.


48. Crepe Myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)

Crepe Myrtle Bonsai
Source :

Crepe myrtle is a type of woody and a flowering tree that can grow into small to moderate trees with a height reaching 4-5 meters. Many people in various countries use this tree as a shrub in their home yards and ornamental trees.


49. Paperflower (Bougainvillea)

Bougainvillea Bonsai
Source :

Bougainvillea is an ornamental plant that is very popular throughout the world. The tree is very strong, grows well in dry soil and hot temperatures. The hotter the temperature and the drier the soil, it will produce maximum flowers and shed the leaves.

Many bougainvillea cultivars have been cultivated everywhere, most of which have brightly colored flowers such as red, orange, yellow, purple, to white.


50. Chinese Fringe Flower (Loropetalum chinense)

Loropetalum Bonsai
Source : Yuan

Loropetalum is a plant genus that has 4 plant species in its family. Loropetalum grows in the form of shrubs or small trees with heights reaching 5-6 meters. The leaves are always purplish red, the flowers are pink, and it does not abort the leaves. Making it as one of the red-leafed plants, even though not in autumn.


51. Fig (Ficus)

Ficus Bonsai
Source :

Ficus is a genus consisting of about 800 plants of various shapes, ranging from shrubs, small trees, vines, epiphytes, and hemi-epiphytes.

There are more than a dozen species of Ficus used as ornamental plants and bonsai, two of which we have mentioned above, namely Bodhi (Ficus religiosa) and Ampelas (Ficus ampelos). But it’s incomplete if it doesn’t tell you what Ficus species are most commonly used as bonsai subjects, here is the list:

  • Curtain Fig (Ficus microcarpa)
  • Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla)
  • Willow Leaf Fig (Ficus nerifolia)
  • Banyan Fig (Ficus benghalensis)
  • Benjamin Fig (Ficus benjamina)
  • Cluster Fig (Ficus racemosa)
  • Rusty Fig (Ficus rubiginosa)
  • Small Leaf Fig (Ficus obliqua)
  • White Fig (Ficus virens)
  • Sycamore Fig (Ficus sycomorus)
  • Retusa Fig (Ficus retusa)
  • Mistletoe Fig (Ficus deltoidea)
  • Ficus salicaria, Ficus cordata, and more…


52. Dwarf Umbrella (Heptapleurum arboricola)

Dwarf Umbrella Tree Bonsai
Source :

This is a tree that is truly similar to the original Umbrella Tree version, Schefflera arboricola. However, for small leafy species, bonsai enthusiasts prefer the name Heptapleurum arboricola, even though it is a synonym of the original name.

Dwarf Umbrella Tree including trees that grow to form large shrubs and emit aerial roots like the Ficus family. This makes it a suitable tree for Ficus-style bonsai.


53. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)

Tamarind Bonsai
Source :

Tamarind is a leguminous tree of the Fabaceae family that comes from tropical Africa. The genus Tamarindus is monotypic, meaning that it contains only this species. The tree is widely used by bonsai fans in Southeast Asia because it is widely available in the wild.

Although so much in the wild, this tree is very sensitive. It is not easy to move from the wild to the pot even though all the roots have been moved. So, it needs special handling to maintain this tree if you want to make it a bonsai.


54. Khoi (Streblus asper)

Khoi Bonsai
Source :

Khoi is a medium-sized tree that originates from arid regions in Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, India, Sri Lanka, and Malaysia. This tree is very popular as a bonsai in tropical Asia because it is very easy to maintain and fast growth.


55. Elephant Bush (Portulacaria afra)

Elephant Bush Bonsai
Source :

Elephant bush is a small leafy succulent plant native to South Africa. This plant generally has reddish-green stems and leaves, but its cultivars are very diverse. Elephant bush has long been used as an ornamental, landscape, and bonsai plant because of its easy maintenance.


56. Korean Hornbeam (Carpinus turczaninowii)

Korean Hornbeam Bonsai
Source :

Korean Hornbeam is a medium-sized tree with branches hanging and branches that form around the crown. In general, its root growth is relatively close to the surface, and this tree has few requirements for flourishing.


57. Burning Shurb (Euonymus alatus)

Burning Bush Bonsai
Source :

Burning Bush or better known as Winged spindle, is a species of flowering plants in the Celastraceae family, originating from central and northern China, Japan, and Korea. It has the common name “burning bush” because of its bright red leaf color in autumn.


58. Chinese Quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis)

Chinese Quince Bonsai
Source :

Chinese Quince is a deciduous or semi-green tree in the Rosaceae family, native to East Asia in China, and the only species in the genus Pseudocydonia. Chinese Quince is also closely related to European Quince (Cydonia oblonga), the difference lies in leaf serrations and lack of hair.


59. Silverberry (Elaeagnus pungens)

Silverberry Bonsai
Source :

Silverberry is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, also known as Thorny olive, Spiny oleaster, and Silverthorn. Silverberry is native to Asia, including China and Japan. This tree was introduced to the southeastern United States as a landscape and ornamental tree.


60. Asiatic Jasmine (Trachelospermum asiaticum)

Asiatic Jasmine Bonsai
Source :

Asiatic Jasmine is a species of flowering shrub plant in the Apocynaceae family, native to China, India, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, and Malaysia. This plant is used in Korea in traditional medicine to treat rheumatism, abscesses, and ulcers. Also, Asiatic Jasmine has received the Royal Horticultural Society Award from Garden Merit.


61. Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)

Ginkgo Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Ginkgo is the only species that still lives in the Ginkgophyta division, all other species have become extinct. The ginkgo tree has many uses in Chinese medicine and becomes an ornamental tree in the yard that produces bright yellow leaves in the fall.

This rare tree has now been cultivated in various countries as an ornamental tree for city parks, office yards, home yards, and bonsai.


62. Ezomatsu (Picea jezoensis)

Ezomatsu Bonsai
Display at the US National Bonsai & Penjing Museum | Source :

Ezomatsu is a large evergreen tree that can grow as high as 30-50 meters and with a trunk diameter of up to 2 meters. It is a flora native to eastern Asia. This tree is considered important in the Far East Russia and northern Japan, for wood and paper production.


63. Chinese Hawthorn (Crataegus cuneata)

Chinese Hawthorn Bonsai
Source :

Chinese Hawthorn is a plant native to China, and is widely cultivated in Japan. The tree is often used as a bonsai subject.


64. Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

Witch Hazel Bonsai
Source :

Witch Hazel is a flowering bush species originating from eastern America, from western Nova Scotia to Minnesota, and south central Florida to eastern Texas. This tree can grow 5-6 meters high, sometimes it is found as high as 10 meters, but rarely.


65. Japanese Zelkova (Zelkova serrata)

Japanese Zelkova Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Japanese Zelkova is a species of tree from the genus Zelkova which originates from Japan, Korea, China and Taiwan. This tree is often planted as an ornamental tree, and is used in bonsai.


66. Azalea (Rhododendron indicum)

Azalea Hybrid Bonsai
Source :

Azalea is a species of beautiful flowering plants belonging to the family Ericaceae. This species is also part of the order Ericales and part of the genus Rhododendron. There are many cultivars of this plant cultivated for the beauty of the flowers.


67. Eurya (Eurya japonica)

Eurya Bonsai
Source :

Eurya is a 1-3 meter tall shrub of the Pentaphylacaceae family found in eastern China, Korea and Japan. The tree is used as an ornamental plant in the yard and living fence.


68. Chinese Emperor Plum (Osteomeles schweriniae)

Chinese Emperor Plum Bonsai
Source : Ak

Chinese Emperor Plum is a plant species native to China with white flowers and resembles hawthorn species. Many trees are planted in the garden as an ornamental plant.


69. Golden Larch (Pseudolarix amabilis)

Golden Larch Bonsai
Display at Brooklyn Botanic Garden, NY | Source :

The Golden Larch is a monotypic genus of coniferous trees in the Pinaceae family, native to eastern China. This tree is found growing in small areas in the mountains of southern Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei and eastern Sichuan, at an altitude of 100-1,500 m above sea level.


70. Nepal Firethorn (Pyracantha crenulata)

Nepal Firethorn Bonsai
Source :

Nepal Firethorn or Himalayan firethorn is a species of firethorn that is most often used as an ornamental plant and subject of bonsai.


71. Lantana (Lantana camara)

Lantana Bonsai
Source :

Lantana is a type of flowering plant of the Verbenaceae family that originates from tropical regions in Central and South America. Lantana grows in areas with heights less than 1,700 m above sea level and has many branches with tree height between 1-4 meters. The lantana tree becomes an aggressive weed in almost all tropical regions and it is also a perennial bush that is difficult to destroy.


72. Gowok (Syzygium polycephalum)

Gowok Bonsai
Source :

Gowok is a species of tree native to Indonesia that can grow to a height of 25 meters with the main trunk which is usually free of branches. Generally, these trees inhabit secondary forests that are not overgrown with large trees. Gowok trees are often cut down from the wild to be used hard and durable wood.


73. Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica)

Blue Atlas Cedar Bonsai
Source :

Blue atlas cedar is a tree species in the Pinaceae family that comes from the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, Rif, and Tell Atlas in Algeria. This tree can be found on mountain slopes at altitudes ranging from 1,350 to 2,200 m above sea level.


74. Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus)

Buttonwood Bonsai
Source :

Buttonwood is a shrub in the Combretaceae family. This species grows on coastlines in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. Locations that are known to grow this tree include Florida, Bermuda, Bahamas, the Caribbean, Mexico, Brazil, Ecuador, West Africa, Melanesia, and Polynesia.


75. Chinese Sweet Plum (Sageretia theezans)

Chinese Sweet Plum Bonsai
Source :

Chinese Sweet Plum is a shrub species from the Rhamnaceae family originating from southern China. This plant is popular because it is widely used as a bonsai subject.


76. Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum)

Bald Cypress Bonsai
Source :

Bald cypress is a deciduous conifer tree in the Cupressaceae family that originated in the southeastern United States. Cypress bald trees are quite tough, this tree can adapt to various types of soil, ranging from wet soils on the edge of a swamp to dry.


77. Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

Norway Spruce Bonsai
Owned by Mr. Walter Pall | Source :

Norway spruce is a large coniferous species native to Europe. The tree is one of the most widely planted plants, both inside and outside its native area, and one of the most economically important conifer species in Europe. Norway spruce tree has fast growth. In the wild, it can reach heights of up to 50-55 meters and with a stem diameter of 1-1.5 m.


78. Manna Ash (Fraxinus ornus)

Manna Ash Bonsai
Source :

Manna ash is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows as high as 30 meters with a trunk diameter of up to 1.5 meters. It is a Fraxinus species originating from central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia.


79. Lemon Bottlebrush (Callistemon citrinus)

Bottlebrush Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Lemon bottlebrush is a plant species from the Myrtaceae family, endemic to New South Wales and Victoria in Australia. The tree is strong and adaptable, it is widely cultivated outside its original habitat and is a popular ornamental and garden plant throughout the world.


80. Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles speciosa)

Flowering Quince Bonsai
Source :

Flowering quince is a tree native to East Asia known as Zhou Pi Mugua in Chinese medicine. This plant is widely cultivated in temperate regions because the flowers appear early in the season, sometimes even in winter. Many flowering quince cultivars with flowers vary from white, pink, and red.


81. American Storax (Liquidambar styraciflua)

American Storax Bonsai
Source :

American storax is a deciduous tree in the genus Liquidambar that is native to eastern North America and the tropical mountainous regions of Mexico and Central America. American storax has become one of the valuable forest trees in the southeastern United States and is a popular ornamental tree in temperate regions.


82. Suriname Cherry (Eugenia uniflora)

Suriname Cherry Bonsai
Source : Heathcote Botanical Gardens

The Surinam cherry or Pitanga is a plant in the Myrtaceae family, which is native to the east coast of tropical South America, from Suriname, Guyana, France, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentina. The Surinam cherry is often used in gardens as a hedge, but now its existence is peaking because it is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in home gardens and the subject of bonsai.


83. Coast Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia)

Coast Live Oak Bonsai
Source : Stewart

The Coast live oak is an oak that can grow to a wide variety of forms, often forming thickets. This tree is native to the California Floristic Province. Coast Live Oak has a habitat in the western Sierra Nevada mountains from Mendocino County, California, south to northern Baja California in Mexico. Today the Coast live oak tree is classified in the red oak section.


84. Blue Huckleberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)

Blue Huckleberry Bonsai
Source : Duff

The blue huckleberry is a species of North American blueberry that has become an economically important food crop. This plant is native to eastern Canada and the eastern and southern United States. Blue huckleberry is naturalized in many places such as in Europe, Japan, New Zealand, etc.


85. Horse Bush (Dendrolobium umbellatum)

Horse Bush Bonsai
Source :

The horse bush is a dense shrub that grows 1 to 10 meters tall. This plant grows a lot in the wild, especially along river banks in the lowlands. The plant is often used for herbal medicinal purposes and is sometimes grown to stabilize sandy soils.


86. Brazilian Rain Tree (Chloroleucon tortum)

Brazilian Rain Tree Bonsai
Source :

Brazilian Raintree is a thorny tree with a wide-open crown that can grow to 10-12 meters tall with a straight main trunk and can be up to 50 cm in diameter.

This tree is valued and cultivated as an ornamental tree, especially for landscaping purposes in urban areas. However, the Brazilian Raintree is now classified as a ‘Critically Endangered’ tree on the IUCN Red List.


87. Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia)

Mountain Laurel Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Mountain laurel or Ivybush is a leafy shrub tree from the Ericaceae family, native to the eastern United States. This tree is quite famous and its flowers are the emblem of the states of Connecticut and Pennsylvania.


88. European Pear (Pyrus communis)

European Pear Bonsai
Source :

The European pear is a species of pear native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia. It is one of the most important fruit trees in temperate climates, the tree producing the best pears. European pears are also cultivated in Europe, North America, and Australia to harvest their fruit or grow only for ornamental trees.


89. Yellow Mai (Ochna integerrima)

Yellow Mai Bonsai
Source : Garcia

Yellow Mai is a plant species in the genus Ochna in the Ochnaceae family. In the wild, this tree grows as a small tree or shrub as high as 2-6 meters. The flowers are yellow and very beautiful when in bloom. The Yellow Mai tree is very popular in southern Vietnam, where it is often grown in pots as a bonsai.


90. Golden Chain (Laburnum anagyroides)

Golden Chain Bonsai
Source : Turnbull

The golden chain tree is a plant species in the subfamily Faboideae, in the genus Laburnum. It is native to Central and Southern Europe and often grows wild in humid and cool places, especially in the calcareous soils of Southern Europe.

The wood is hard and heavy, yellow or brown, and is often used to make bows. Golden chain wood is also known as fake ebony because the wood in old trees can be used as a substitute for ebony.


91. Red Silk Cotton (Bombax ceiba)

Red Silk Cotton Bonsai
Source : Chi Lin Nunnery

Red Silk Cotton is a tree that is considered sacred by Hindus. These plants can be very large and are often planted in near-sacred buildings. At the time of the discovery of Pawon Temple, in the 9th century in Central Java, Indonesia, this tree was known to have grown in the ruins of buildings.


92. Silver Birch (Betula pendula)

Silver Birch Bonsai
Source :

Silver Birch is a tree native to Europe and Asia where it is usually only found growing wild in meadows, hills, and mountainsides. As is the case with Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera), the Silver Birch tree is famous for its white bark.


93. Madras Thorn (Pithecellobium dulce)

Madras Thorn Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Madras Thorn or Manila Tamarind is a species of flowering plant in the Fabaceae family, native to the Pacific Coast and the adjacent highlands of Mexico, Central America, and northern South America.


94. Black Mulberry (Morus nigra)

Black Mulberry Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Black Mulberry is a species of flowering and fruiting plant in the Moraceae family, native to southwest Asia and the Iberian Peninsula. This tree has been cultivated since ancient times so that its natural place is unknown.


95. Agonists (Flexuosa agonists)

Agonists Bonsai
Source :

Agonist is a tree species that grows in Western Australia. This tree is the most common species of Agonist, and one of the most recognizable trees in Western Australia, which is commonly grown in public parks and on roadways in Perth.


96. Tall Baeckea (Sannantha pluriflora)

Tall Baeckea Bonsai
Source :

Tall Baeckea is a flowering shrub tree in the Myrtaceae family. It is a flora endemic to Australia that grows up to 4 meters tall. The flowers are white and appear in 3-7 groups in October and April in their native habitat.


97. Whistling Pine (Casuarina equisetifolia)

Whistling Pine Bonsai
Source :

Whistling pine tree or Australian pine tree is a species of an evergreen tree from the Casuarina family. This tree is still closely related to the Sumatran pine (Taxus sumatrana).


98. Knife Acacia (Acacia cultriformis)

Knife Acacia Bonsai
Source :

Knife Acacia or Dogtooth Wattle is a shrub tree of the genus Acacia native to Australia. This tree is widely cultivated and has been found to have naturalized in Asia, Africa, North America, New Zealand, and South America.


99. Florist’s Daisy (Chrysanthemum x morifolium)

Florist's Daisy Bonsai
Source :

Florist’s Daisy or Juhua is a species of perennial plant from the Asteraceae family. In China, this plant has existed since 500 BC and has been used as a medicinal plant. Currently, Florist’s Daisy is better known as an ornamental plant than a medicinal plant.

In Europe, especially in the Netherlands, Florist’s Daisy has been known since the mid-17th century, but its general spread did not occur until the 19th century.


100. White Champaca (Magnolia × alba)

White Champaca Bonsai
Source : Google Images

White Champaca or White Sandalwood is a member of the Magnoliaceae tribe. This plant is known in Indonesia and several neighboring countries because of its flower buds which are often used in traditional ceremonies or certain rituals. Botanically, it is a hybrid between Magnolia champaca and Magnolia montana.


101. Giant Sequoia (Sequoia sempervirens)

Giant Sequoia Bonsai
Source :

Giant Sequoia is the only living species in the genus Sequoiadendron, which is classified in the Cupressaceae family in the subfamily Sequoioideae, along with Sequoia sempervirens and Metasequoia glyptostroboides.


102. River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis)

River Red Gum Bonsai
Source :

The River Red Gum is a tree that is endemic to Australia. It has white or cream-colored bark. This familiar and iconic tree grows abundantly on the shores of waterways in the Australian outback, providing shade in the extreme temperatures of central Australia.


103. Tall Stewartia (Stewartia monadelpha)

Tall Stewartia Bonsai
Source :

Tall Stewartia is a beautiful deciduous tree and makes a great addition to the garden. The tree is often multi-stemmed, perfectly displaying rusty, peeled bark. In autumn, the leaves turn a spectacular red before falling.


104. Taiwania (Taiwania cryptomerioides)

Taiwania Bonsai
Source :

Taiwania is a large coniferous tree in the Cupressaceae family, native to the mountains of central Taiwan, southwest China, Tibet, Myanmar, and northern Vietnam. This tree is threatened with extinction in the wild due to illegal logging for its valuable timber.


105. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina)

Staghorn Sumac Bonsai
Source :

Staghorn Sumac is a tree that often grows on the edge of forests, roadsides, and rivers/swamps in North America. The tree grows to form an open shrub and spreads.


106. Holly Osmanthus (Osmanthus heterophyllus)

Holly Osmanthus Bonsai
Source :

Holly Osmanthus or False Holly is a species of flowering plant in the Oleaceae family, native to Japan and Taiwan. This tree grows to a height of 3-7 meters with a bark of brown to gray or blackish and rough.


107. Mastic (Pistacia lentiscus)

Mastic Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Mastic is a dioecious plant that grows as a shrub or small tree and is classified in the genus Pistacia. The mastic tree can grow up to 4 meters tall and is cultivated for harvesting its aromatic resins, especially on the Greek island of Chios.


108. Cattley Guava (Psidium littorale)

Cattley Guava Bonsai
Source :

Cattley Guava or Strawberry Guava is a small tree in the Myrtaceae family. The species was named in honor of British horticulturist William Cattley. The genus name Psidium comes from the Latin psidion, or “armlet”.


109. Star Fruit (Averrhoa carambola)

Star Fruit Bonsai
Source :

Star Fruit or Carambola is a star-shaped fruit-producing tree originating from tropical Asia including Indonesia, India, and Sri Lanka. Currently, the star fruit tree has spread throughout the world which has a tropical climate covering the Dominican Republic, Brazil, Peru, Ghana, Guyana, Tonga, and Polynesia.


110. Crossberry (Grewia occidentalis)

Crossberry Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Crossberry or Lavender Star is a small tree native to South Africa. This tree has purple star-shaped flowers that appear in summer, followed by distinctive berries.


111. Smoketree (Cotinus coggygria)

Smoketree Bonsai
Source :

Smoketree is a species of flowering plant in the Anacardiaceae family, native to southern Europe, Central Asia, the Himalayas, and northern China. It is a multi-pronged shrub that can grow 6-7 meters tall.


112. Kumquat (Citrus japonica)

Kumquat Bonsai
Display at Kihachikai Show | Source :

Kumquat is a small, fruit-bearing tree in the Rutaceae family. The tree bears fruit very similar to an Orange (Citrus sinensis) in a smaller form, and it is edible.


113. Potentilla (Potentilla)

Potentilla Bonsai
Source :

Potentilla is a genus of plants from the Rosaceae family. This genus consists of about 300 species. In English, this genus is also known as Cinquefoils.


114. Japanese Andromeda (Pieris japonica)

Japanese Andromeda Bonsai
Source :

The Japanese andromeda is a forest plant that is popular as an ornamental plant in the Ericaceae family, native to eastern China, Taiwan, and Japan where it grows as a shrub in the mountains.


115. Fuchsia (Fuchsia)

Fuchsia Bonsai
Source :

Fuchsia is a genus of ornamental plants from the Onagraceae family, native to South America. About 100 plant species are belonging to this genus. In some places, this plant broke free of cultivation and grew wild.


116. Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa)

Blackthorn Bonsai
Source :

Blackthorn is a herbaceous plant that belongs to the genus Prunus. The tree is naturalized in New Zealand, Tasmania and eastern North America. In Great Britain, the fruit is used to be processed into gin sloe, a type of liquor.


117. Saltwood (Neea buxifolia)

Saltwood Bonsai
Source :

Neea buxifolia is a dense yet easy-to-manage and versatile shrub species native to Puerto Rico. Usually spelled “Nia”, its botanical name is. It is a member of the Nyctaginaceae family.


118. Water Gum (Tristaniopsis laurina)

Water Gum Bonsai
Source :

Water Gum is a tree species native to Australia. This plant usually grows near beaches and along river banks, where the trunks and branches tend to be in the direction of the water currents and provide an indication of the height of the flood.


119. Jelly Bush (Leptospermum polygalifolium)

Jelly Bush
Source :

Jelly Bush is a species of shrub or small tree in the Myrtaceae family. This plant is endemic to eastern Australia, including Lord Howe Island.


120. Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo)

Strawberry Tree Bonsai
Source :

Strawberry Tree is a species of shrub or small tree in the family Ericaceae, native to the Mediterranean region and western Europe. Because it grows in southwestern and northwestern Ireland, it is also known as the “Irish strawberry tree” or “Killarney strawberry tree”.


121. English Ivy (Hedera helix)

English Ivy Bonsai
Source :

English ivy or European ivy is a species of flowering plant in the Araliaceae family, which is native to most of Europe and West Asia. This plant grows on vines, has green leaves, and creates a pretty sight in gardens, fences, and walls.


122. White Kunzea (Kunzea ambigua)

White Kunzea Bonsai
Source :

White kunzea is a species of shrub in the Myrtaceae family and is found mainly growing on rocky or sandy soils in eastern Australia. White kunzea can grow to a height of 5 meters in the wild.


123. Fringe Myrtle (Calytrix tetragona)

Fringe Myrtle Bonsai
Source :

Fringe myrtl is a shrub plant in the Myrtle family. It grows in southern Australia, from areas with high rainfall to semi-arid zones on sandy soils.


124. Little Kurrajong (Brachychiton bidwillii)

Little Kurrajong Bonsai
Source :

Little kurrajong is a small tree of the genus Brachychiton found in the tropical regions of eastern Australia. Initially, this tree was classified in the Sterculiaceae family but is now transplanted within the Malvaceae.


125. Myrtle Beech (Nothofagus cunninghamii)

Myrtle Beech Bonsai
Source :

Myrtle beech is a tree species native to Tasmania and Victoria, in Australia. The tree is in rainforests, but it can also grow in mountainous areas. Although this tree is called Myrtle, it is not related to the Myrtle family. It is only often referred to as Tasmanian Myrtle in the wood industry.


126. Silky Oak (Grevillea robusta)

Silky Oak Bonsai
Source :

The Silky Oak or Australian Silver Oak is a species of flowering tree in the Proteaceae family and is not related to the true oak tree, Quercus. Silky Oak is native to Australia’s east coast, growing in river environments and dry rainforests.


127. Japanese Privet (Ligustrum obtusifolium)

Japanese Privet Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Border privet or Amur privet is a species of privet plant as high as 3 meters native to Japan, Korea, and eastern China. This species is considered invasive in parts of the United States and has become very common in southern New England, the central Atlantic, and the Great Lakes region.


128. Christmas Berry (Schinus terebinthifolius)

Christmas Berry Bonsai
Source : Google Images

The Christmas berry or Florida holly is a species of flowering plant in the Anacardiaceae family, native to South America (southeast Brazil, northern Argentina, and Paraguay). The Christmas berry is widely grown as an ornamental plant in ice-free areas of South America and is considered a melliferous flower which is the main food source for the bee Tetragonisca angustula, an important honey-producing bee species.


129. White Mulberry (Morus alba)

White Mulberry
Source :

White mulberry is a fast-growing mulberry tree and can grow 15-17 meters tall in the wild. The tree itself comes from northern China and India. It is currently cultivated widely and naturalized in other places including the United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, Turkey, Iran, etc.


130. Bamboo (Bambusoideae)

Bamboo Bonsai
Bamboo bonsai in Baihuatan Park, Chengdu, China | Source :

The bamboo tree is a species of tree in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the Poaceae family. Bamboo is one of the fastest-growing plants in the world due to its unique rhizome-dependent system. Many species of bamboo trees are cultivated for stem harvesting which has important economic and cultural values in South, Southeast Asia, and East Asia.


131. Kapok (Ceiba pentandra)

Kapok Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Kapok (Ceiba pentandra) is a tropical tree from the order Malvales and the Malvaceae family, native to Mexico, Central America, South America, the Caribbean and Africa. Apart from that, other varieties are also cultivated in South and Southeast Asia.

In Spanish speaking countries, this tree is known as “Ceiba”. The kapok tree is cultivated for its seed fiber, especially in Southeast Asia, and it is also known as Javanese Cotton, Javanese Kapok, or Silk Cotton.


132. Divi-Divi (Libidibia coriaria)

Divi-Divi Bonsai
Source :

Divi-Divi (Libidibia coriaria) is a tree native to the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Common names include Cascalote, Guaracabuya, Guatapana, Nacascol, and Watapana.


133. Bombay Ebony (Diospyros montana)

Bombay Ebony Bonsai
Source :

Bombay ebony (Diospyros montana) is a small deciduous tree in the ebony family that can grow up to 15 meters tall. This tree is spread along the Western Ghats of India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China to Australia. In Indonesia, he is known as “Mustam”.


134. Jabily (Operculicarya decaryi)

Jabily Bonsai
Source :

Jabily or elephant tree (Operculicarya decaryi) is a thick-stemmed succulent plant in the Anacardiaceae family, named after plant collector, Raymond Decary. This tree is found in Madagascar and is also often grown as a bonsai tree. Jabily is drought tolerant and does well in full sun.


135. Rain Tree (Samanea saman)

Rain Tree Bonsai
Source :

The rain tree (Samanea saman) is a species of flowering tree in the Fabaceae family, native to Central and South America. It extends from southern Mexico to Peru and Brazil, but has been widely introduced to many places including Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands and Hawaii. This tree is also known as the Monkeypod or simply called Albizia.


136. Calabash (Crescentia cujete)

Calabash Tree Bonsai
Source :

The Calabash tree (Crescentia cujete) is a species of flowering tree that grows in Africa, Central America, South America, West Indies and South Florida. This tree is a dicot plant with simple leaves, alternating or in groups on short shoots and is naturalized in India.


137. European Crab Apple (Malus sylvestris)

European Crab Apple Bonsai
Source :

The European crab apple or wild apple (Malus sylvestris) is a species of the genus Malus, native to Europe which is wild and has branched thorns.

European crab apples have large crowns and often look like shrubs rather than trees. It can live to be between 80-100 years old and grow to 10 meters in height.


138. Putat (Planchonia valida)

Putat Bonsai
Source : Google Images

Putat (Planchonia valida) is a tree species that can grow to 20 meters in height, with a trunk diameter of up to 2 meters. This tree grows in various habitats from the edge of the sea to an altitude of 1,000 m above sea level. The tree is found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Malaysia and Indonesia.


139. Cantigi (Vaccinium varingifolium)

Cantigi Bonsai
Source :

Cantigi or Manisrejo (Vaccinium varingifolium) is Indonesian flora which is still related to Bilberry, Huckelberry, Blueberry, and Cranberry. Cantigi grows on the top of mountains on the island of Java (above 1000 m asl). The names used to refer to this tree include Cantigi ungu, Cantigi gunung, Manisrejå, and Delima montak.


140. Longan (Dimocarpus longan)

Longan Bonsai
Source :

Longan (Dimocarpus longan) is a tropical tree that produces edible fruit. This is one of the famous fruit trees for its delicious taste.

After seeing the beauty and aesthetics of these bonsai, you might think about starting to train the tree into a bonsai-like one of the pictures above. Yes, that’s not wrong. The natural human instinct is to always want to try. But before starting, make sure you have read our article about the various bonsai tools needed by bonsai artists in training trees to be dwarfed and as expected.

We will always improve and add to the list above over time. Make sure you save / bookmark this page in the browser to monitor updates.


Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *