Fruit trees are one of the best choices if you have a large yard in front or back of your house. Not without reason, besides being able to create fresh air and green scenery, trees can also produce fruit that can be consumed as a gift from the care taken.
Unlike the case with tropical flowering trees, tropical fruit tree seeds are easier to obtain from the nursery around your house or from online stores. In addition, fruit trees are also mostly more resistant to pests and better adapted to new temperatures and soils.
Well, here Names of Trees will share with you a list of tropical fruit trees that are suitable for planting in the yard. These trees have been sorted and only the fruit-producing trees that can be consumed are included in the list.
Common Fig (Ficus carica) is an edible species of fruit-producing tree. The tree comes from West Asia, from the Balkan coast to Afghanistan. The fruit is known as “Tin” or “Fig”. The fruit can be eaten fresh, dried, or made for jam.
Today there are many varieties of Common Fig that are cultivated to harvest the fruit. Countries that have cultivated figs in large-scale plantations include Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Iran, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Albania, Mexico and the United States.
Apart from being a tree that is closely related to religion and mythology, the tin tree is also very suitable to be planted as an ornamental tree in the yard because it does not grow too high and produces fruit quickly.
Two cultivars named Ficus carica ‘Ice Crystal’ and Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey’ were selected as ornamental trees and have received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. While the types of fruit-producing for cultivation that has been widely planted are:
Ficus carica ‘Black Mission’
Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey’
Ficus carica ‘Adriatic’
Ficus carica ‘Calimyrna’
Ficus carica ‘Kadota’
Ficus carica ‘Alma’
Ficus carica ‘Purple Jordan’
Ficus carica ‘Green Jordan’
Ficus carica ‘Blue Giant’
2. Pomegranate (Punica granatum)
Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a well-known fruit plant species native to Iran but has been cultivated in other areas such as the Mediterranean since ancient times.
Pomegranates can grow to 5-6 meters (rarely 8 meters). The tree likes loose soil that is not submerged in water and does best in full sun. Pomegranate is now often grown in the yard as an ornamental tree, or because of its edible fruit.
There are three kinds of pomegranate, namely white pomegranate, red pomegranate, and purple pomegranate. Each tree has the same shape and differs only in the fruit. Especially for red pomegranate, it is very suitable to be planted as an ornamental tree because of its striking fruit color.
3. Papaya (Carica papaya)
Papaya (Carica papaya) is a plant that comes from southern Mexico and northern parts of South America. Now the papaya tree has spread widely and is widely planted throughout the tropics for its fruit and leaves.
The taste of papaya is sweet and can be eaten fresh, frozen until it becomes ice, or processed into various fruit foods. Young fruit is often cooked as a complement to vegetables. The leaves are used as fresh vegetables after being boiled and meat tenderizers.
Papaya has many benefits because the fruit contains lots of vitamin A which is good for eye health and facilitates digestion for those who have difficulty defecating.
Planting this tree, you have nothing to lose, besides the raw or ripe leaves and fruit are very useful for food processing, the tree also grows very fast and is not too tall.
4. Guava (Psidium guajava)
Guava (Psidium guajava) is a species of fruit-producing tree native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America and has been cultivated in many tropical and subtropical areas around the world. Some of its cultivars are grown commercially, such as the guava apple and other cultivars which are most widely traded internationally.
In many countries, guava is eaten raw, usually cut into quarters, eaten like an apple, and can also be eaten with a pinch of salt or in a salad. Guava fruit is rich in vitamin C.
The shoots of the leaves can be eaten raw together with a pinch of salt to facilitate bowel movements. The taste is a bit chewy but doesn’t make you vomit.
Guava trees can bear fruit in 6-12 months from grafting and 4-5 years from seed planting. The tree is resilient because it can grow in both hot and cold temperatures, it is also tolerant of a wide variety of soil types, and grows best in full sun.
5. Lychee (Litchi chinensis)
Lychee (Litchi chinensis) is a tropical tree native to the southeastern province of China, where the tree is cultivated from the 11th century to the present. China is the main producer of lychees, followed by India, other countries in Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Madagascar and South Africa.
The lychee tree produces bright red, leathery, edible fruit. Lychee fruit is rich in vitamin C. The tree grows to form shrubs with a height of 12-15 meters.
There are so many cultivars of lychee that are grown as ornamental or fruit-producing trees, some of which are very difficult to distinguish.
6. Pomelo (Citrus maxima)
Pomelo (Citrus maxima) is the largest citrus fruit that comes from Indonesia and has been cultivated in many other areas with tropical climates. Pomelo is a tough tree that is well adapted to dry areas and is relatively disease resistant.
Pomelo trees can grow 5 to 7 meters (rarely 10 meters) tall, with bent trunks and long, low-hanging branches. The fruit is large, up to 25 cm (10 in) in diameter, weighs between 1.5-2 kg (3-4 lb), and the rind is thick. The pulp is divided into 11-18 segments, sweet and slightly sour taste.
The tree is very suitable for planting in large yards because of its wide growth and low foliage. Moreover, when it bears fruit, the tree looks very unique because it produces huge citrus fruits.
7. Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota)
Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota) is a long-lived fruit tree native to Central America and Mexico. Sapodilla is a tropical plant that is easy to adapt so that it is easily cultivated in various countries, and is grown as an ornamental tree with fruit in pots.
Sapodilla trees can grow to a height of 45 meters in the wild but are shorter when planted outside their native habitat. It only reaches 2-3 meters if planted in a pot, even so, a tree planted in a pot can still bear fruit.
Several countries recorded as having the largest Sapodilla plantations are Mexico, Guatemala, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, India, Cuba, Brazil, Costa Rica, Florida, and Hawaii (United States), as well as Queensland (Australia).
8. Soursop (Annona muricata)
Soursops (Annona muricata) are flowering plants native to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Soursops are now grown commercially for their fruit. The tree can grow anywhere but does best in slightly humid tropical areas.
Soursop trees can grow to a height of 8 meters. In Indonesia, the tree can grow well at an altitude of 50 to 1,000 m above sea level. The fruit is quite large with a diameter of up to 20-30 cm and a weight of up to 2.5 kg.
Because the soursop tree grows short, it is also often planted as an ornamental tree and a shade tree for homes.
9. Star Fruit (Averrhoa carambola)
Star Fruit (Averrhoa carambola) is a fruit-producing plant with a distinctive shape originating from Indonesia, India, and Sri Lanka, and has spread throughout the world. Commercial planting is carried out in the United States, namely in South Florida and Hawaii.
In Indonesia, this fruit has been an icon of the city of Depok, West Java, since 2007.
This fruit has a sweet taste and is rich in vitamin C. Yet it also contains a lot of water making it possible to make fruit wine.
Star fruit trees grow to a maximum height of 5 meters and have many branches. Unlike other tropical plants, star fruit does not require a lot of sunlight, so it is very suitable to be planted in various places that have problems with shade.
10. Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)
Loquat or Japanese Medlar (Eriobotrya japonica) is a plant species in the Rosaceae family, a fruit tree that has been cultivated in Japan since 1,000 years ago. Loquats are believed to have originated in the cold hilly regions of southern and central China.
Japan is the main producer of loquat fruit followed by Israel and then Brazil. In Europe, Spain is a major producer of loquats.
The loquat tree grows as a shrub and evergreen tree, 10-12 meters high, which is now widely planted for fruit or as an ornamental tree.
There are at least 700-800 loquat cultivars growing in Asai, most of which are cultivated in subtropical to moderate climates, and the rest are grown in tropical climates.
11. Oriental Persimmon (Diospyros kaki)
Oriental Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) originated from China, which then spread to Japan in ancient times and was bred there. In time, this fruit spread to other parts of Asia, and during the colonial period around the 1800s, it was brought to southern Europe and California.
This fruit is quite important in Chinese and Japanese traditions, so it has a high commercial value there. Now the commercialization of persimmon production has spread and expanded to various countries such as New Zealand, Australia, and Israel. Exports from Israel are known as the Sharon fruit.
In Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand, persimmon production is only sufficient for local consumption because the tree can only grow in the highlands which have cooler temperatures. Apart from producing fruit, persimmon trees are also often planted as ornamental trees in the yards of residents’ houses in the mountains and sometimes in villa yards.
12. Jaboticaba (Plinia cauliflora)
Jaboticaba or Brazilian Grapetree (Plinia cauliflora) is a tree native to the Brazilian states of Minas Gerais, Goiás and São Paulo. This tree is related to the genus Myrciaria and is often referred to by the same name.
The Jaboticaba tree is famous for its fruit that grows on the trunk, is purplish-black, and with its white flesh. Jaboticaba fruit can be eaten raw or used to make jelly, jam, juice, or wine.
Jaboticaba trees are very suitable to be planted as shrubs for the yard because of their slender shape and small leaves. The maximum height of this tree is 15 meters with a slippery trunk and peeled skin like a guava tree trunk. The tree is drought tolerant and thrives in deep, fertile soil and full sun.
13. Water Apple (Syzygium aqueum)
Water Apple or Bell Fruit (Syzygium aqueum) is a tree species native to Southeast Asia. The tree is a shrub, 5-10 meters high and with bent trunks.
Water apples, like regular guava, can be eaten fresh or served as table fruit. The fruit has a sweet, slightly tart taste, crunchy, and watery. This is a tree that is commonly planted in the yards of people in Southeast Asia.
14. Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa)
Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa) is a tropical tree producing edible fruits. The fruit is round with lumps like soursop skin. The flesh is white, fragrant, and tastes very sweet.
Sugar apple grows as a shrub or small tree with semi-deciduous leaves that can reach a height of 5-6 meters. Today, this tree is cultivated in many places around the world for its delicious fruit.
Sugar apple trees sometimes drop leaves, so they are suitable for planting alongside coniferous trees to create a Mediterranean-like garden atmosphere.
15. Longan (Dimocarpus longan)
Longan (Dimocarpus longan) is a fruit plant native to mainland Southeast Asia. The fruit is sweet, juicy, and fresh in superior agricultural varieties. Apart from being eaten raw, longan fruit is also frequently used in fruit soups in Asia, table fruit, sweets, and syrups.
Currently, the longan tree is widely cultivated in southern China, Taiwan, northern Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Australia, the United States, and Mauritius.
The longan tree can grow very tall, it can reach 40 meters in the wild and its lifespan is long. However, these trees will be stunted if planted in pots and can produce fruit in a short time if the seedlings are grafted.
In Southeast Asia, the longan tree is a popular potted fruit tree because of its easy care and can bear fruit even when planted in a pot.
16. Mango (Mangifera indica)
Mango (Mangifera indica) is a famous fruit tree originating from Southeast Asia, to be precise around the border between India and Burma. Then spread throughout Southeast Asia since 1500 years ago.
Mango trees are large, can reach up to 20 meters high or more, although most mango trees are only about 15 meters or less. The ornamental variety only has a height of fewer than 3 meters. In addition, the mango tree varieties also produce fruit of various shapes, colors, and flavors.
This tree is planted in large-scale gardens in India, China, Mexico, Thailand, Pakistan, Indonesia, Brazil, the Philippines, Nigeria, and Vietnam. Outside the countries mentioned, mango trees are also planted only to produce fruit that is marketed in the country and as shade trees.
17. Chempedak (Artocarpus integer)
Cempedak or Chempedak (Artocarpus integer) is a fruit-producing tree-like jackfruit, smaller, and has a very fragrant aroma like durian. This tree is recorded to have originated from the Malay Peninsula and spread widely from the Tenasserim region in Burma, Thailand, and all islands in Indonesia.
The cempedak tree is always green, grows as a medium-sized tree with a height of 10-15 meters. The fruit can be eaten fresh or processed first. The young fruit can be processed into vegetables just like jackfruit. The seeds can be boiled or roasted, before being eaten with a pinch of salt.
Naturally, the cempedak tree grows wild in lowland rain forests, both primary and secondary forests. Growing to an altitude of about 1,000 m above sea level, this fruit tree likes areas with a dull dry season, land with shallow groundwater levels, and even flood resistance.
Cempedak trees are also commonly planted in yards, mixed gardens, and agroforestry.
18. Barbados Cherry (Malpighia emarginata)
Barbados Cherry or Acerola Cherry (Malpighia emarginata) is a tree species native to South America, southern Mexico, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Brazil, and Central America, but now also grows in the north to Texas and in subtropical areas of Asia, such as India.
The tree is cultivated in the Canary Islands, Ghana, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, India, Indonesia, Hawaii, and Australia.
Barbados Cherry grows as a small tree with spreading branches. Usually, the tree is only 2-3 meters high, but sometimes it can be as high as 5 meters. The fruit is known to be very rich in vitamin C, although it also contains vitamins A, B, B2, and B3.
This tree has small, shiny foliage, so it is often used as a bonsai specimen and planted as an ornamental tree in narrow yards.
19. Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) is a plant from the Anacardiaceae tribe that comes from Brazil and has edible fruit. This tree is famous for the cashews present in the fruit. These cashews are usually dried and fried to make various kinds of snacks.
Cashew is a seed that has a characteristic curved shape, is brown, and is edible. Cashew nuts are high in oil content and have a distinctive taste, and are rich in premium quality protein. Besides the seeds of the plant, cashew leaves and fruit are the parts that are mostly processed into food.
The young leaves are popularly used as fresh vegetables, it is very delicious when mixed with chili grind and eaten together with warm rice and salted fish.
The cashew tree grows as medium-sized, can reach 10-12 meters in height, with a broad, densely branched, evergreen crown. The header can be high and narrow, or low and wide, depending on the environmental conditions.
20. Miracle Fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum)
Miracle Fruit or Sweet Berry (Synsepalum dulcificum) is a plant originating from West Africa and is known for its fruit which when eaten will make sour foods (such as lemons and limes) taste sweet. The fruit itself is low in sugar and has a slightly sweet smell. This phenomenon is caused by a glycoprotein called miraculin.
Miracle fruit grows as a shrub 2-4 meters tall and has dense foliage. The tree grows best in soils with a pH of 4.5 to 5.8, in an environment free of frost, and partial shade with high humidity. The miracle fruit tree is also tolerant of drought and full sun.
Because of its miracle fruit and low tree shape, the Miracle fruit tree is a great choice for those of you who want to plant a unique fruit tree in your yard.
21. Feijoa (Feijoa sellowiana)
Feijoa or Pineapple Guava (Feijoa sellowiana) is a tree species native to the highlands of southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, northern Argentina, and Colombia. The fruit has a sweet and aromatic taste, which tastes like a blend of pineapple, apple, and mint. The pulp is similar to guava, has a gritty texture.
It is a tree that can grow in subtropical and tropical climates but requires at least 50 hours of cold winter to bear fruit.
The feijoa tree has long been known as a unique fruit-producing tree and is widely planted to complement the garden tree collection. The tree can be found in landscape plants in Texas, Florida, California, and the maritime Pacific Northwest.
Many cultivars are cultivated as fruit-producing trees, including:
Feijoa sellowiana ‘Anatoki’
Feijoa sellowiana ‘Apollo’
Feijoa sellowiana ‘Kakariki’
Feijoa sellowiana ‘Smilax’
Feijoa sellowiana ‘Unique’
Feijoa sellowiana ‘Vista Long’
22. Pitanga (Eugenia uniflora)
Pitanga or Brazilian Cherry (Eugenia uniflora) is a fruit plant that comes from the east coast of tropical South America, from Suriname, Guyana, France, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentina. This tree grows to medium size, between 3-6 meters high.
Pitanga trees are often in gardens as hedges in tropical climates. This tree was introduced to Bermuda for ornamental purposes but is now out of control and is registered as an invasive species in many countries.
Pitanga fruit is edible, their taste ranges from sweet to sour, depending on the cultivar and degree of maturity (black ones are quite sweet, while orange ones are very sour). This fruit is also used in its main food preparations, as flavoring, jam, and jelly. Pitanga fruit is rich in vitamin C and is a great source of provitamin A.
23. Jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana)
Jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana) is a small, sharp thorny fruit-producing tree that grows in dry areas. Jujube grows especially well in regions with a well-defined dry season. The fruit is best grown in a hot, sunny, and moderately dry environment.
Jujube is thought to have originated in Central Asia and spread naturally over a wide area from Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Uganda, Kenya, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, China, Vietnam, Thailand, the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, to Australia. Now jujube has been planted in many countries in Africa and Madagascar. However, those who developed it commercially were only India, China, and a little in Thailand.
Many types of jujube are cultivated as fruit-producing plants, ornamental plants, and live fences. Especially for fruit producers, Chinese Jujube (Ziziphus zizyphus) is the most popular because it produces large fruit. Meanwhile, Christ’s Thorn Jujube (Ziziphus spina-christi) is the one most closely related to Christianity, because this type is believed to be the material for making a crown of thorns that was placed on the head of Jesus Christ before His crucifixion.
24. Ambarella (Spondias dulcis)
Ambarella (Spondias dulcis) is a fruit tree belonging to the Anacardiaceae family. Ambarella is a fruit plant that is very much found in all tropical areas around the world. In English, this tree is called Ambarella, Ataheitte apple, Great hot plum, and June plum.
Ambarella fruit can be eaten fresh or processed into salad, pickles, pickles, or jam. This fruit has a single, stringy seed. The leaves are often used as a flavoring in the manufacture of processed fish. The leaf buds have a fresh sour taste so they are often used as a vegetable or food flavoring for Javanese people.
Ambarella trees can grow up to 20 meters in the wild, and when planted in the yard or the garden they usually grow to an average of 8-10 meters. This tree can also produce fruit even though it is planted in a pot, therefore the ambarella tree is widely used as a fruit tree in pots or ornamental trees because its height is not too high.
25. Caimito (Chrysophyllum cainito)
Caimito (Chrysophyllum cainito) is evergreen and fast-growing tree, up to 30 meters high. This tree produces fruit that can be consumed as fresh fruit, although it can also be used as raw material for ice cream.
Many parts of this tree have medicinal properties, such as bark, sap, fruit, and seeds. The decoction of the leaves is used to treat diabetes and rheumatism. The bark is processed to make strong medicine and cough medicine.
The caimito tree is often used as an ornamental and shade tree in public parks, roadsides, and large yards. This tree begins to bear fruit after 5-6 years of age and usually bears fruit in the dry season.
26. Avocado (Persea americana)
Avocado (Persea americana) is a plant species native to Mexico and Central America and is now widely cultivated in many countries as a monoculture plantation tree and garden tree in tropical areas.
The avocado tree can reach 20 meters in height with tenuous branches and a dome-shaped canopy. The fruit has a thin, leathery skin and is green when young then turns purple-brown when ripe. The flesh of the avocado is light green near the skin and light yellow near the seeds, with a soft texture.
In the Philippines, Brazil, Indonesia, Vietnam, and India, ripe avocados are often used to make juices, milkshakes, and as a complement to ice cream.
Avocado trees can be planted as ornamental trees or shade trees in the yard, school, office, or roadside. Many high-yield avocado cultivars are grown as fruit production trees, some of which include:
Persea americana ‘Choquette’
Persea americana ‘Gwen’
Persea americana ‘Hass’
Persea americana ‘Lula’
Persea americana ‘Maluma’
Persea americana ‘Pinkerton’
Persea americana ‘Reed’
Persea americana ‘Bacon’
Persea americana ‘Brogden’
Persea americana ‘Cleopatra’
Persea americana ‘Ettinger’
Persea americana ‘Fuerte’
Persea americana ‘Monroe’
Persea americana ‘Sharwil’
Persea americana ‘Zutano’
27. Hairy Lychee (Nephelium lappaceum)
Hairy Lychee (Nephelium lappaceum) is a tropical tree that is popular for its distinctive fruit. The tree comes from Southeast Asia and is found in tropical areas such as Africa, Cambodia, the Caribbean, Central America, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Sri Lanka.
This tree has green leaves all year round, likes warm tropical temperatures, and can grow 6-8 meters tall and a broad crown. The fruit is covered in skin that has hair on the outside. It is green when young, then gradually yellow to red when ripe.
Trees with ripe fruit are very attractive because usually, rambutan produces a lot of fruit. Therefore, this tree is also suitable to be planted as an ornamental tree as well as a shade tree and fruit-producing tree in the yard of the house or other possible places.
28. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)
Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is a type of evergreen tree that is believed to have originated from the Malay Peninsula and spread to the Indonesian Archipelago. The mangosteen tree grows to 15-25 meters with dark black stems and dark green leaves. From a distance, the mangosteen tree looks like an ancient tree because of its dark and shady characteristics.
Mangosteen fruit, purplish-red when ripe, although there are variants with red skin. This fruit has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity so that the mangosteen fruit is known as the fruit that has the highest levels of antioxidants in the world.
The mangosteen tree is rarely planted right in front of the house, but it is usually planted at the side or behind the house. In its place of origin, Indonesia, the mangosteen tree grows in deep ground. The tree is drought tolerant and often houses bats for its lush foliage.
29. Strawberry Guava (Psidium cattleianum)
Strawberry Guava or Cattley Guava (Psidium cattleianum) is a small tree 3-5 meters high with a maximum of 12 meters but very rare. The tree begins to bear fruit when it is about 5 years old.
The guava strawberry tree originates from a limited area in the Amazon Basin in Brazil but has now been cultivated in many tropical countries.
Guava strawberry fruit has thin skin ranging in color from yellow, dark red, to purple, oval, and about 4 cm long. The fruit is edible because of the thin skin and juicy interior which is soft and tasty. Guava strawberry fruit can also be used to make jam.
30. Olive (Olea europaea)
Olive (Olea europaea) is a long-lived, evergreen tree, whose young fruit can be eaten raw or preserved for later use. The old fruit is used for an industry which is then squeezed and the oil extracted into olive oil which can be used for various purposes
It is believed that the olive tree originated in the hot tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and the Mediterranean. However, currently, it has been cultivated largely in the Mediterranean, South America, South Africa, China, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, and the United States.
The olive tree is mentioned frequently in several ancient books and records. It is also closely related to several local cultures and religions. Because of this, the olive tree has its own value in the eyes of the community.
The olive tree is also often traded as an ornamental tree because of its small leaves and long lifespan.
Of the many tropical fruit trees above, which one would you like to plant, or do you already have one?