Tamarind is a tropical tree species that grows widely in Southeast Asia. This tree has a fairly long life and the average age is more than 100 years. The tamarind tree produces fruit that is used in spices in Indonesian cuisine.
Mature trees have rough bark and the wood is very strong and flexible. Tamarind wood is traditionally used to make benches, tables, ladders, tool handles, fences, posts, and footings for birds. Wild chirping birds or those kept in cages love to stand on tamarind wood to sharpen their nails and beak in the rough bark of tamarind wood.
Apart from taking the fruit and wood, tamarind tree seeds are also widely sold in plant nurseries and those with large trunks (usually grafted) are traded as ornamental garden trees and bonsai.
For those of you who are planning to cultivate tamarind trees, here namesofttrees.com will share a guide.
First of all, you should know that this tree can only be propagated in two ways, namely by seed and grafting. How to grow from seed is very easy and the success rate is high. Fresh seeds can be directly sown in the ground and buried as deep as 2-4 cm. Meanwhile, the graft method is rarely of interest to cultivators because it is quite long and has a low success rate. To graft a tamarind tree is the same as grafting other trees, it’s just that waiting for the roots to grow until they are ready to be cut from the mother tree takes between 4-5 months.
Both of these methods can be adapted to your needs, whether you want to cultivate in large quantities (recommended planting from seed) or simply multiply a few stems (recommended by grafting).
HOW TO CULTIVATE TAMARIND TREE FROM SEED PLANTING
1. Prepare ripe tamarind fruit or the flesh is soft.
2. Separate the seeds from the flesh and wash thoroughly.
3. Plant tamarind seeds in pots, polybags, or seedling trays. Preferably use fertile and sandy soil.
4. Seeds will germinate within one to two weeks, then allow them to germinate over three months if you plan to transplant them to a larger location or to direct soil.
HOW TO CULTIVATE TAMARIND TREES FROM GRAFTING
1. Look for a healthy mother tamarind tree with a minimum age of five years.
2. Choose a trunk or branch that has a diameter of 2 cm or more and peel the skin in 4-5 cm long circles. Let stand for several hours until the sap on the peeled stem dries.
3. After the sap is dry and the color of the stem turns brown, transplant it with fertile and pest-free soil. Make a hole in the plastic graft and water once a day.
4. Wait for more than three months, check after the graft period is more than three months.
If the roots are visible and brown or black, it means the graft can be cut. However, if the roots are not visible or are still white, you still have to wait a few more months.
5. After the graft is cut from the mother tree, do not open the plastic wrapper for the soil. You should soak the cuttings along with the soil in a bucket of water for 12-24 hours before planting.
Tamarind is a rather difficult tree to propagate by grafting, even moving those that already have roots requires special care to avoid stress and death.
After soaking, remove and plant in well-draining soil and make sure you mix garden soil and sand to promote better growth. Place the newly planted tree in a place that is out of direct sunlight for at least a week. After a week and the trees look healthy, place them in the sun all day since tamarind trees are quite thirsty for sunlight.
It takes about 15-20 years for a tamarind tree grown from seed to produce fruit and 5-10 years from a grafted tree.
Interested in cultivating tamarind trees?