10 Tree Species Most Favored by Tropical Bonsai Lovers

Tropical Bonsai
For true bonsai lovers, tree species are the main base ingredients before creating a bonsai artwork. There are hundreds of tree species that can be used as bonsai, from shrubs to large trees, from precise trees to mountain trees.

Tropical bonsai lovers generally prefer trees that are easy to grow and have a long life. Trees with these characteristics will minimize maintenance costs and flowering or fruiting trees with hard trunks are the most appropriate choice.

Well, if you want to choose from the many species of flower or fruit trees that are used as tropical bonsai subjects, below Names of Tress will recommend it.


1. Ficus

Ficus Bonsai
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Ficus is a genus of plants that occur naturally in the tropics, consisting of about 850 species. These types of Ficus trees can grow as woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes, and hemi-epiphytes. The Ficus species most frequently subject to bonsai include Ficus microcarpa, Ficus neriifolia, Ficus salicifolia, Ficus benghalensis, and Ficus benjamina.


2. Premna

Premna Bonsai
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Premna is a genus of flowering plants from the Lamiaceae family. The genus itself was first described for modern science in 1771. Premna spread in tropical and subtropical areas ranging from Africa, South Asia, northern Australia, islands in the Pacific, and the Indian Ocean.


3. Pemphis

Pemphis Bonsai
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Pemphis acidula is a tree that grows in rocky and sandy coastal areas. The tree only grows in tropical climates which are widespread on the coast of Southeast Asia. This tree is also known by various local names such as Santigi, Stigi, Centigi, Cantinggi, Drini, Kastigi, Mentigi, Setigi, Sentigi, Santigi, and Santiki. The santigi tree has slow growth, is hardwood, has a long life, and is resistant to saltwater as well as hot temperatures.


4. Tamarind

Tamarind Bonsai
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Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a species of tree from the family Tamarindus. The tree has a rough texture, cracked and tough / can live in dry soil. The origin of this tree is thought to be from the savanna of East Africa where wild species are found, one of which is in Sudan. But since thousands of years ago, this tree has spread widely to Asia, the Caribbean, and Latin America. In many tropical climates such as Indonesia, this tree is often found growing wild.


5. Paperflower

Bougainvillea Bonsai
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Paperflower (Bougainvillea) is a species of flowering plant that is very popular as an ornamental around the world. The growth of the tree can be in the form of dense shrubs or small trees that grow upright. Paperflower is one of the most common trees planted in the yard, garden, schoolyard or office, city park, and many are found growing wild. The paperflower tree, like most tropical trees, is very easy to grow and withstands long periods of heat and drought.


6. Water Jasmine

Water Jasmine Bonsai
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Water Jasmine (Wrightia religiosa) is a species of flowering and woody trees in the Apocynaceae family. This tree species is generally a plant used frequently in Indo-Chinese pagodas and elsewhere. Its beautiful flowers make this tree the right choice for both a bonsai plant and a bonsai subject.


7. Sea Hibiscus

Sea Hibiscus Bonsai
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Sea Hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus) has long been recognized as a roadside and beachside shade tree. In Southeast Asia, the Sea Hibiscus tree is often found growing wild in slightly wet areas with slightly moist soil. The tree itself can grow into a medium-sized tree with a height of 10-15 meters and has a wide canopy. Often the area under the Sea Hibiscus tree is a favorite place for animals to take shelter from the hot sun.


8. Whistling Pine

Whistling Pine Bonsai
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Whistling Pine (Casuarina equisetifolia) is an evergreen tree that can grow 30-35 meters tall in its wild habitat. This tree is widely used as a bonsai subject in Southeast Asia and the Caribbean. Specimens from Indonesia and those cultivated in Taiwan are considered the best Whistling Pine in the bonsai world.


9. Buttonwood

Buttonwood Bonsai
Source : wikimedia.org

Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus) is a mangrove shrub in the Combretaceae family. This species grows on tropical and subtropical coastlines around the world. Locations known to host buttonwood trees include Central and South America, from Mexico to Brazil on the Atlantic Coast, and from Mexico to Ecuador on the Pacific Coast, then in West Africa, Melanesia, and Polynesia.


10. Chinese Juniper

Chinese Juniper Bonsai
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Chinese Juniper (Juniperus chinensis) is a species of an evergreen tree that grows in a wide variety of forms. The tree can grow to a height of 20 meters with a trunk circumference of up to 1 meter. Chinese Juniper is a plant native to northeast Asia such as China, Mongolia, Japan, Korea, and southeastern Russia. It is the most widely cultivated evergreen tree and is used as an ornamental tree and a bonsai subject in both tropical and subtropical areas.

Here are 10 trees that tropical bonsai lovers are most interested in. They are all tough woody trees, tolerant of various soils, and easy to adapt. However, to maintain fertility during maintenance in pots as bonsai must be done consistently so that their growth remains good and healthy.


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