In this post, we want to share a list of the oldest coniferous trees in the world that have been known/researched, and reported from reliable sources.
The definition of what constitutes an individual tree varies. Also, tree age is measured using a variety of ways, including core samples of documented tree trunk rings, and estimates.
Many of these coniferous trees maybe even older than their age, but the oldest trunks in the tree may already be weathered and make it difficult for researchers to ascertain.
Most of the old conifer trees, the center of the ring has disappeared so that its age can not be determined directly. Instead, estimates of tree age measurements are made based on tree size and estimated growth rates.
The oldest tree record holder for individual, non-clonal trees is the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine tree that grows in White Mountain, California, United States. Through cross-reference tree rings, they have been proven to be more than 5,000
Huon ancient pine forest which has an area of 2.5 hectares in Mount Read, Tasmania, is estimated to be around 10,000 years old. As determined by DNA samples taken from pollen collected from nearby lake sediments, each tree in this group is
no less than 4,000 years old, determined by tree trunk ring samples.
Ok, now we just look at the list of 10 World’s Oldest Coniferous Trees below.
Old Tjikko is a Norwegian spruce tree that has the scientific name Picea abies. Grows in Fulufjället National Park, Dalarna, Sweden. The tree trunk is estimated to be more than 600 years old, but its main roots have been aged 9,500 years.
Elsewhere in the Fulu mountains, 20 old Norwegian spruce trees have been found again. They are on average more than 8,000 years old.
2. Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (5,070 years)
This is a Pine tree that grows in White Mountain, California, United States. Researched by Edmund Schulman, and his age is determined by Tom Harlan.
Unfortunately, the core of the ring on the main trunk of this tree does not exist and the date of the study is unknown. However, the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine is one of the oldest trees on earth that is still alive and is very popular. People believe that the tree is indeed more than 5,000 years old.
3. Methuselah (4,850 years)
Methuselah is a 4,850-year-old pine (Pinus longaeva) tree that grows in the White Mountains of Inyo County, Eastern California, United States. This tree is recognized as the tree with the most confirmed age in the world.
4. Sarv-e Abarkuh (4,500 years)
Sarv-e Abarkuh is a Mediterranean cypress tree with the scientific name Cupressus sempervirens. This tree is also called Zoroastrian Sarv, and its age is more than 4,500 years. Sarv-e Abarkuh grows in Abarkuh, Yazd Province, Iran.
5. Llangernyw Yew (4,000 years)
Llangernyw Yew (Taxus baccata) is an old Yew tree in the village of Llangernyw, Conwy, North Wales. This tree is included in the list of 50 largest trees in the UK. It also has a stem diameter of 10.75 meters.
6. Gran Abuelo (3,650 years)
Gran Abuelo is a pine tree (Fitzroya cupressoides), the name itself is called in Spanish if translated as “great-grandfather”.
This tree, which is more than 3,000 years old, is located in Costero’s Alerce National Park in Chile. Gran Abuelo is on the list of the oldest trees that live in South America.
7. The President (3,200 years)
The President is a Giant Sequoia tree (Sequoiadendron giganteum) located in the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park, east of Visalia, California, United States. The President has a height of 75 meters and the lowest trunk diameter of 8.2
8. General Sherman (2,200 – 2,700 years)
General Sherman is the name of the Giant Sequoia tree found in the Giant Forest, just like his brother The President tree. General Sherman is estimated to be 2,200 years old and he is the largest individual tree on earth with a body volume of 1487 m³.
9. Jōmon Sugi (2,100 – 7,200 years)
Jōmon Sugi is a large Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) tree located in Yakushima, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in Japan. This is the oldest and largest surviving among the Cryptomeria trees.
10. Te Matua Ngahere (1,200 – 4,000 years)
Te Matua Ngahere is a giant Kauri (Agathis australis) coniferous tree in the Waipoua Forest of Northland Region, New Zealand. The name Maori tree means “Father of the Forest”. Although not as big or as tall as Tāne Mahuta, Te Matua Ngahere has a more manly posture, with a trunk diameter of about 16 meters.